Humans have used bells for musical, ritual, religious, and signaling purposes throughout history. Bells were used in China before 2000 BC, and ancient Egyptians, Indians, Greeks, and Romans utilized them, as well.
The metal, mallet-struck bells are part of a family of instruments known as metallophones. This family of instruments, which descended from the wooden xylophone, includes the vibraharp and glockenspiel, as well as several instruments used in the “gamelan,” Indonesia’s famed percussion orchestra.
Care and Maintenance
Place the bells on the stand with the larger bars to your left. Alter the position of the instrument so that it rests a few inches below waist level. The music stand should be located right above the bells so as to easily view the music and the bars at once.
Check the screws on bells. Tighten as needed.
Wipe the drum shell and bells with a soft cloth.
Drums have existed since at least 6000 BC, and have played sacred or ceremonial roles in most every society. Among people of Central Asia and the tribes of Native America, shallow frame drums are used in shaman rituals. In both Europe and Africa, drums were associated with royalty.
Beyond their musical uses of keeping time and carrying complex rhythms and counter-rhythms, drums have been used to signal messages over many miles in Africa, and to communicate military maneuvers to infantry units in Europe.
Care and Maintenance
When using a stand, check it for loose parts and tighten as needed. The stand must be positioned below the “shelf” for the drum, and the practice pad should be placed under the drum and on top of the stand. This prevents the head from being punctured by parts of the stand.
Set up the drum stand by fully extending all three drum supports and making them level with the floor. When setting the drum on the stand, make sure that the snares are oriented downward and that the snare release lever is located right in front of you. The drum should fit snugly on the stand a few inches below waist level, and angled slightly toward you.
Every drum includes a “key,” which is a wrench for the rods that attach the rim and head to the body of the drum. Parents can check the rods to make sure they are tight. Ask the director to check for proper tension. Do not over-tighten the rods.
Only use drum sticks to strike the drum head.
To avoid puncturing the drum head, always place the drum properly in its case. Clean the drum head with a cloth and any gentle, non-abrasive cleaner.